TANTALUM: World Market Outlook: 2015-2020 ISBN: 1-893211-75-4 (TA2015)

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Cary NC USA- This study covers the global market for tantalum materials, including tantalum ores and concentrates and engineered tantalum powder, wire, foil, sheet, bar and rod for consumption in tantalum capacitor anodes, tantalum sputtering targets, superalloys, cemented carbide cutting tools, fabricated mill products and tantalum chemicals and compounds. The study forecasts demand for tantalum based upon its “known reliability” and its unique attributes of capacitance, durability, corrosion and heat resistance; as well as its unique optical properties. The study addresses key issues facing the industry between 2016 and 2020 including the expected price fluctuations for the metal, including its potential deficit amidst mine closings; stringent legislation and vertical integration within the supply chain. The study forecasts demand for tantalum in capacitor anodes, taking into consideration the projected demand for tantalum capacitors consumed in various portable digital electronics, including smartphones and computer tablets, notebook computers and servers; automotive electronic subassemblies; and consumer electronics such as game consoles; and digital cameras. For forecasting suture requirements, the study takes into consideration the existence and market potential for tantalum displacement by alternative technologies such as high capacitance MLCC and conductive polymer aluminum chip capacitors. It also forecasts tantalum consumption in hard metals, including cemented carbide cutting tools, superalloys, and mill products, amidst expected increases in production of aircraft and automobiles to satisfy increasing demand from emerging economies. The study also forecasts primary and secondary tantalum supply. Including primary mining operations and their expected expansion. The study also forecasts tantalum from tin mining and slag operations; tantalum from urban mining (Recycling) and tantalum in inventories and makes projections regarding tantalum materials requirements forecasts to satisfy demand in 2020. Tantalum pricing forecasts for tantalum ores and concentrates are given for 2015 through 2020 as are projected volume requirements in each of the market subsets, including capacitor anodes, semiconductor sputtering targets, superalloys (turbine blades), mill products for industrial and chemical processing, cemented carbides and chemicals and compounds. See the table of contents for a complete listing of what is included in this study. Forecasts to 2020, Published September 2015. 198 Pages, $2750.00 US Dollars.

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Cary NC USA- This study covers the global market for tantalum materials, including tantalum ores and concentrates and engineered tantalum powder, wire, foil, sheet, bar and rod for consumption in tantalum capacitor anodes, tantalum sputtering targets, superalloys, cemented carbide cutting tools, fabricated mill products and tantalum chemicals and compounds. The study forecasts demand for tantalum based upon its “known reliability” and its unique attributes of capacitance, durability, corrosion and heat resistance; as well as its unique optical properties. The study addresses key issues facing the industry between 2016 and 2020 including the expected price fluctuations for the metal, including its potential deficit amidst mine closings; stringent legislation and vertical integration within the supply chain. The study forecasts demand for tantalum in capacitor anodes, taking into consideration the projected demand for tantalum capacitors consumed in various portable digital electronics, including smartphones and computer tablets, notebook computers and servers; automotive electronic subassemblies; and consumer electronics such as game consoles; and digital cameras. For forecasting suture requirements, the study takes into consideration the existence and market potential for tantalum displacement by alternative technologies such as high capacitance MLCC and conductive polymer aluminum chip capacitors. It also forecasts tantalum consumption in hard metals, including cemented carbide cutting tools, superalloys, and mill products, amidst expected increases in production of aircraft and automobiles to satisfy increasing demand from emerging economies. The study also forecasts primary and secondary tantalum supply. Including primary mining operations and their expected expansion. The study also forecasts tantalum from tin mining and slag operations; tantalum from urban mining (Recycling) and tantalum in inventories and makes projections regarding tantalum materials requirements forecasts to satisfy demand in 2020. Tantalum pricing forecasts for tantalum ores and concentrates are given for 2015 through 2020 as are projected volume requirements in each of the market subsets, including capacitor anodes, semiconductor sputtering targets, superalloys (turbine blades), mill products for industrial and chemical processing, cemented carbides and chemicals and compounds. See the table of contents for a complete listing of what is included in this study. Forecasts to 2020, Published September 2015. 198 Pages, $2750.00 US Dollars.

Table of Contents SECTION ONE: INTRODUCTION 14 1.1 ABOUT THE AUTHOR: 14 1.2 PAUMANOK MEMBERSHIP IN TIC: 15 SECTION 2: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: 2015 15 2.1 Key Market Developments In The Tantalum Capacitor Supply Chain: 2015 15 2.2 Key Summary and Conclusions of This Report: 15 2.2.1 Change In Tantalum Consumption Volume 15 2.2.2 Reasons for Changes in Demand 15 2.2.3 Growing End-Use Segments 15 2.2.4 Challenging End-Use Segments 16 2.2.5 Specific Area of Supply Chain Concerns: 2015-2020 16 2.2.6 Alternative Technology Update and Concerns: 2015-2020 16 2.2.7 Outlook Summary: 2015-2020 16 2.2.8 Hard Rock Tantalum Mining Indicators: 2015-2020 16 2.2.9 Consolidation Trends: 2015-2020 16 SECTION 3: TANTALUM: TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW: 2015 17 3.1 TANTALUM: PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: 17 3.2 TANTALUM: HISTORY 19 3.3 TANTALUM: USAGE 19 3.4 TANTALUM PROCESSING: 21 3.4.1 Ore Mining: 21 3.4.2 Ore Crushing: 23 3.4.3 Gravitational Seperation: 23 3.4.4 Digestion: 23 3.4.5 Liquid-To-Liquid Separation: 23 3.4.6 Tantalum Stream: 23 3.4.7 K2TaF7 and Ta2O5 Production: 24 3.4.8 Sodium Reduction to Metal Powder: 24 3.4.10 Purification Process: 24 3.4.11 Capacitor Grade Tantalum Metal Powder: 24 3.4.12 Tantalum Carbide: 24 3.4.13 Lithium Tantalate: 25 3.4.14 Tantalum Oxide: 25 3.4.15 Fabricated Tantalum Mill Products: 25 3.4.16 Tantalum Ingots: 25 4.0 TANTALUM ORE & CONCENTRATE MARKETS: 2015-2020 25 4.1 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF TANTALUM ORES AND CONCENTRATES: 1995-2015; 2016 FORECASTS 26 4.2 1993-2015 FIRSTHAND ANALYSIS OF GLOBAL SUPPLY OF TANTALUM ORES AND CONCENTRATES: 28 4.3 GLOBAL SUPPLY OF TANTALUM ORES & CONCENTRATES: TRENDS & DIRECTIONS (PRIMARY VERSUS SECONDARY SOURCING TRENDS) 28 4.3.1 Primary Hard and Soft Rock Mining: Changes In The Market: FY 2015 30 4.3.2 Tantalum Recycling: Urban Mining: FY 2015 30 4.3.3 Tantalum From Slag and Tailings: FY 2015 30 4.3.4 Tantalum Inventories: FY 2015 30 4.4 GLOBAL TANTALUM ORES & CONCENTRATES; SOURCES AND PRICING: FY 2015 30 4.4.1 Volume of Tantalum Mine Output: 2015 31 4.4.2 Value of Tantalum Mine Output: 2015 31 4.4.3 Price Per Pound By Mine: 2015 31 4.5 Tantalum Concentrate Output by Mining Operation & Estimated Price Per Pound: 2015 32 4.5.1 Tantalum Ore Resource Updates: FY 2015 33 4.5.1 AMG-CIF (Mibra): 33 4.5.2 EMRD (Kenticha): 33 4.5.3 Cabot (Tanco): 33 4.5.4 Central Africa- DRC (Congo); REDEMI (Rwanda): 34 4.5.5 Global Advanced Metals (Wodgina): 34 4.5.6 Noventa (Mozambique): 34 4.5.7 Mekios (Nigerian Cooperative) 34 4.5.8 China Mining Operations: 35 4.5.9 Russian Mining Operations: 35 4.5.10 Artisanal Mining Operations: 35 4.6 Tantalum As a By-Product of Tin and Lithium Mining: 35 4.7 Recycled Tantalum (Urban Mining Update): 36 4.8 Tantalum Inventories and a New Direction at the DLA: 36 4.9 FORECASTS: TANTALUM ORES & CONCENTRATES REQUIREMENTS BY END-USE MARKET: 2016-2020 FORECASTS 36 5.0 ENGINEERED TANTALUM MARKETS: FY 2015 38 5.1 GLOBAL ENGINEERED TANTALUM DEMAND BY TYPE (POWDERS, METALLURGICAL PRODUCTS, FINE CHEMICALS): FY 2015 38 5.2 ENGINEERED TANTALUM DEMAND BY END-USE MARKET SEGMENT: FY 2015 40 5.2.1 TANTALUM MATERIALS USAGE IN ELECTRONICS: FY 2015 41 5.2.1 (A) Capacitor Grade Tantalum Metal Powder & Wire: 2015 41 5.2.1 (B) Semiconductor Sputtering Targets: 41 5.2.1 (C ) Tantalum In Other Electronic Components: 42 5.3 TANTALUM MATERIAL USAGE IN ALLOY ADDITIVES: FY 2015 43 5.3.1 Super Alloy Additive: 43 5.3.1 (A) Aerospace Alloys: 43 5.3.1 (B) Gas Turbine Alloys: 43 5.3.1 (C ) Medical and Other Alloys 43 5.4 TANTALUM MATERIAL USAGE IN THE INDUSTRIAL PROCESSING INDUSTRIES: FY 2015 45 5.4.1 Tantalum Mill Products: 45 5.5 TANTALUM MATERIAL USAGE IN THE CARBIDES, CHEMICALS AND OTHER INDUSTRIES: FY 2015 47 5.5.1 Tantalum in Cemented Carbides: 47 5.6 TANTALUM IN COMPOUNDS AND CHEMICALS: 49 5.7 ENGINEERED TANTALUM MATERIAL CONSUMPTION VALUE BY END-USE MARKET SEGMENT: FY 2015 51 5.8 CAPACITOR GRADE TANTALUM POWDER AND WIRE VENDORS: FY 2015 MARKET SHARES 53 5.8.1 KEMET (Blue Powder Corp.): 54 5.8.2 Ningxia Oriental Tantalum 55 5.8.2 H.C. Starck GmbH & Co KG 55 5.8.3 Global Advanced Metals (Showa-Cabot Supermetals): 55 5.8.3 NAC Kazatomprom: 56 5.8.4 F&X Electro-Materials Limited: 56 5.8.5 Duoluoshan SRM Co: 56 5.8.6 Plansee Austria 56 5.8.7 Metalysis UK 56 5.9 DISRUPTIONS TO TANTALUM TECHNOLOGY 56 5.9.1 Tantalum Alternatives In Electronics: FY 2015 56 5.9.2 Tantalum Alternatives in Sputtering Targets and Thin Films: FY 2015 59 5.10 FORECASTS: EXPECTED REQUIREMENTS FOR TANTALUM MATERIALS BY END-USE MARKET SEGMENT: FY 2015-2020 61 6.0 TANTALUM MARKETS IN CAPACITORS: 2015-2020 63 6.1 TANTALUM SUPPLY CHAIN TO THE CAPACITOR INDUSTRY: 2015 63 6.2 TANTALUM CAPACITORS: CHANGING MARKETS FY 2015 65 6.2.1 TANTALUM CAPACITORS: GLOBAL UNIT SHIPMENTS AND FORECASTS TO 2020 67 6.2.2 TANTALUM CAPACITORS: GLOBAL VALUE SHIPMENTS AND FORECASTS TO 2020 69 6.2.3 TANTALUM CAPACITORS: GLOBAL AVERAGE UNIT SELLING PRICING AND FORECASTS TO 2020 70 6.2.4 VARIATIONS ON TANTALUM CAPACITOR TECHNOLOGY: AN IMPORTANT POINT OF TECHNICAL GRANULARITY 71 6.2.5 COMPETITION IN TANTALUM CAPACITORS BY TYPE AND POINT OF DIFFERENTIATION: 74 6.2.6 TANTALUM CAPACITOR VARIATIONS BY VENDOR: PRODUCT AND TECHNOLOGY DIFFERENTIATION 76 6.2.7 TANTALUM CAPACITORS: COSTS TO PRODUCE: FY 2015 77 6.2.8 TANTALUM CAPACITOR VENDORS: FY 2015 GLOBAL SALES AND MARKET SHARES 79 6.2.8 (A) KEMET Corporation 81 6.2.8 (B) AVX Corporation 81 6.2.8 (C ) NEC Corporation/Tokin Electronics 81 6.2.8 (D) Vishay Intertechnology 81 6.2.8 (E) Sanyo Electronics (Panasonic) 81 6.2.8 (F) Rohm Company Limited 82 6.2.8 (G) Samsung Electro-Mechanics Company 82 6.2.9 (H) Greatbatch, Inc. 82 6.2.9 (I) Firadec, Inc. 82 6.2.9 (J) Changes in Vendor Supply Data: FY 2015 82 6.3 TANTALUM CAPACITOR CONSUMPTION VALUE BY END-USE MARKET SEGMENT: FY 2015 83 6.3.1 Computer Markets for Tantalum Capacitors 85 6.3.2 Telecommunications Infrastructure Markets for Tantalum Capacitors 85 6.3.3 Automotive Markets for Tantalum Capacitors: FY 2015 85 6.3.4 Defense and Aerospace Segment for Tantalum Capacitors: FY 2015 86 6.3.5 Consumer Audio and Video Imaging Markets for Tantalum Capacitors: FY 2015 86 6.3.6 Wireless Handset Markets for Tantalum Capacitors: FY 2015 86 6.3.7 Medical Markets for Tantalum Capacitors: FY 2015 87 6.2.8 Oil & Gas and Other Markets for Tantalum Capacitors: FY 2015 87 6.2.9 TANTALUM CAPACITORS: MARKET DRIVERS AND CHALLENGES: FY 2016 87 6.2.10 TANTALUM CAPACITORS: MARKETS BY WORLD REGION: FY 2015 89 6.2.11 TANTALUM CAPACITORS: GLOBAL MARKETS BY CATHODE SYSTEM (MANGANESE VERSUS POLYMER): FY 2015 91 6.2.12 TANTALUM CAPACITORS: CHANNELS OF DISTRIBUTION: FY 2016 93 6.3 TANTALUM CAPACITORS: MARKET FORECASTING: FY 2015-2020 95 6.3.1 Tantalum Capacitors: Global Unit Shipment Forecasts: FY 2015-2020 95 6.3.2 Tantalum Capacitors: Global Value Forecasts: FY 2015-2020 97 6.3.3 Tantalum Capacitors: Global Pricing Forecasts: FY 2015-2020 99 6.3.4 Tantalum Capacitors: Forecasts By End-Use Market Segment: FY 2015-2020 101 6.3.5 Tantalum Capacitors: Forecasts By Channel of Distribution: FY 2015-2020 103 6.3.6 Tantalum Capacitors: Forecasts By Cathode System (Polymer Versus Manganese): FY 2015-2020 105 6.3.7 Tantalum Capacitors: Forecasts By World Region: FY 2015-2020 106 6.3.8 Tantalum Ore Pricing Trends and Forecasts To 2020 108 6.3.9 Tantalum Ore Pricing Trends by Month: 110 6.3.10 Tantalum Metal Consumption in Capacitors (Anode Powder and Wire): Forecasts to 2020 111 6.3.11 Engineered Tantalum Powders: Trends and Directions 112 6.3.12 Anode Powder Trends and Forecasts To 2020 114 6.3.13 CAPACITOR END-USE MARKET SEGMENTS THAT DRIVE THE TANTALUM RAW MATERIAL MARKETS 115 6.3.14 TANTALUM CAPACITOR LEAD TIME TRENDS AND DIRECTIONS 117 7.0 TANTALUM MARKETS IN SEMICONDUCTORS: 2015-2020 118 7.1 TANTALUM VALUE CHAIN TO THE SPUTTERING TARGET INDUSTRY: 2015: 118 7.2 Major Vendors in The Tantalum Target Supply Chain: 2015 120 7.2.1 Honeywell Electronic Materials 120 7.2.2 NIKKO Metals (JX Nippon Mining & Metals) 120 7.2.3 Praxair, Inc. 120 7.2.4 Tosoh SMD Inc. 120 7.3 Tantalum Consumption Volume In Sputtering Target Applications: 2013-2015; 2020 Forecast 121 8.0 TANTALUM MARKETS IN ALLOYS: 2015-2020 123 8.1 TANTALUM VALUE CHAIN TO THE SUPERALLOYS INDUSTRY: 2015 123 8.2 Major Vendors in The Tantalum Superalloy Supply Chain: 2015 124 8.2.1 Alcoa-Howmet (Tantalum SuperAlloys/Turbine Blades) 124 8.2.2 C-M Group- Cannon Operations (Tantalum Super Alloys) 124 8.2.3 Aerojet-General Rocketdyne Corporation (Tantalum Super Alloys) 124 8.2.4 Elite Material Solutions (Tantalum Super Alloys) 124 8.2.5 Solikamsk Magnesium Works (Tantalum for Super Alloys) 124 8.3 Tantalum Consumption Volume In Super Alloys: 2013-2015; 2016-2020 Forecast 124 9.0 TANTALUM MARKETS IN INDUSTRIAL PROCESSING: 2015-2020 126 9.1 TANTALUM SUPPLY TO THE INDUSTRIAL PROCESSING INDUSTRY: 2013-2015; 2020 FORECASTS 126 9.2 Chemical and Pharmacuetical Industrial Processing: 127 9.3 Industrial Furnace Liners: 127 9.4 Glass and Specialty Processing: 127 10.0 TANTALUM MARKETS IN CEMENTED CARBIDES: 2015-2020 127 10.1 TANTALUM VALUE CHAIN TO THE CUTTING TOOLS INDUSTRY: 127 10.2 Major Vendors in The Tantalum Cemented Carbide Supply Chain: 2015 129 10.2.1 ESPI Metals (Tantalum Carbide Powders; Tantalum Mill Products and Tantalum Chemicals) 129 10.2.2 GTP-Global Tungsten & Powders Corp. (Tantalum Recycling for Tantalum Carbide) 129 10.2.3 H. C. Starck GmbH & Co. KG (Tantalum Carbide Powders) 129 10.2.4 PPM- Pacific Particulate Materials Ltd. (Tantalum Carbide Powders) 129 10.2.5 JX Metals (Shanghai Jiangxi Metals Co. Ltd.) (Tantalum Mill Products, Tantalum Carbides) 129 10.2.6 Mitsui Mining & Smelting Company (Tantalum Metal Powder for Carbide) 130 10.2.7 Inframat Corporation (Tantalum Carbide Powder, Mill Products and Chemicals) 130 10.2.8 Ningxia Orient Group, CNMC Ningxia Nonferrous Metals (Tantalum Carbide Powder) 130 10.2.9 Reade Advanced Materials (Tantalum Chemicals and Compounds; Carbides) 130 10.2.10 Treibacher Industrie AG (Tantalum Carbide Powder) 130 10.2.11 Zhuzhou Cemented Carbide Works (Tantalum Carbide) 130 10.3 Tantalum Consumption Volume In Cemented Carbides: 2013-2015; 2016-2020 Forecast 130 11.0 TANTALUM MARKETS IN MILL PRODUCTS: 2015-2020 132 11.1 TANTALUM VALUE CHAIN TO THE MILL PRODUCTS INDUSTRY: 2015 132 11.2 Major Vendors in The Tantalum Mill Product Supply Chain: 2015 134 11.2.1 H. C. Starck GmbH & Co. KG (Tantalum Mill Products) 134 11.2.2 Hi-Temp Specialty Metals, Inc. (Tantalum Mill Products, Tantalum Recycling & Toll Converting) 134 11.2.3 Ningxia Orient Group, CNMC Ningxia Nonferrous Metals (Capacitor Tantalum Powder & Wire) 134 11.2.4 Rosemount (Emerson) (Tantalum Mill Products, Wear Parts) 134 11.2.5 Standard Die & Fabricating, Inc. (Tantalum Mill Products) 134 11.2.6 Tantaline (Tantalum Mill Products) 134 11.2.7 JX Metals (Shanghai Jiangxi Metals Co. Ltd.) (Tantalum Mill Products). 135 11.2.8 Zimmer-Trabecular Metal Technology (Tantalum Processing for Medical Implants) 135 11.3 Tantalum Mill Product Portfolio: 135 11.3.1 Mill Products: sheet, plate, foil, rod, tube, and wire 135 11.3.1 (A) Tantalum Mill Products: Fabricated Parts 135 11.3.1 (A1) Tantalum Mill Products For Defense Applications: 135 11.3.1 (A2) Tantalum Mill Products For Furnace Applications: 135 11.3.1 (B) Tantalum Mill Products For Chemical Processing Applications: 135 11.3.1 (C ) Tantalum Mil Products For Medical Applications: 136 11.3.1 (D) Tantalum Mil Products For Other Industrial Applications: 136 11.4 Forecasts For Tantalum Consumption In Industrial Processing (Mill Products): 2015-2020 136 12.0 TANTALUM MARKETS IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS: 2015-2020 137 12.1 TANTALUM VALUE CHAIN TO THE CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS INDUSTRY: 2015 137 12.1.1 Aesar-Alpha (Tantalum Chemicals and Compounds) 138 12.1.2 American Elements (Tantalum Chemicals & Compounds) 138 12.1.3 Conghua Tantalum & Niobium Smeltery (Tantalum Powder, Ingot & Chemicals) 138 12.1.4 ESPI Metals (Tantalum Carbide Powders; Tantalum Mill Products and Tantalum Chemicals) 138 12.1.5 Mitsui Mining & Smelting Company (Tantalum Metal Powder for Carbide and Optical) 139 12.1.6 Reade Advanced Materials (Tantalum Compounds) 139 12.1.7 Sigma-Aldrich (Tantalum Chemicals and Compounds) 139 12.1.5 Honeywell Specialty Chemicals Seelze GmbH (Tantalum Chemicals) 139 12.2 Tantalum Consumption Volume In Chemicals and Compounds: 2013-2015; 2020 Forecast 139 12.3 Major Vendors in The Tantalum Chemicals and Compounds Supply Chain: 2015 142 13.0 SUMMARY OF TANTALUM FORECASTS: 2015-2020 142 13.1 TANTALUM MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS BY END-USE MARKET: 2016-2020 FORECASTS 142 14.0 TANTALUM RESOURCE DIRECTORY 144 ABS INDUSTRIAL RESOURCES (TANTALUM RECYCLING) 144 ADVANCED ALLOY SERVICES LTD. (TANTALUM ALLOYS) 144 AEROJET-GENERAL ROCKETDYNE CORPORATION (TANTALUM WEAR PARTS) 144 AESAR-ALPHA (TANTALUM CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS) 145 ALCOA-HOWMET (TANTALUM ALLOYS/TURBINE BLADES) 146 ALKANE RESOURCES LIMITED (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 146 ALTURA MINING (HADDINTGON) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 147 AMERICAN ELEMENTS (TANTALUM CHEMICALS & COMPOUNDS) 147 AFRICAN MINING METALLURGICAL GROUP (AMMG) (TANTALUM MINING) 148 AMG CIF- BRAZIL (TANTALUM POWDER FOR SUPER METALS) 148 AVX CORPORATION (TANTALUM CAPACITOR MANUFACTURER) 149 AVALON RARE METALS (TSX: AVL) (TANTALUM DEPOSIT) 149 BEH MINERALS SDN BHD (TANTALUM MINING) 149 CABOT TANCO-TANTALUM MINING CORP. OF CANADA LTD. (TANTALUM MINING) 150 C-M GROUP- CANNON OPERATIONS (TANTALUM SUPER ALLOYS) 150 COMMERCE RESOURCES CORP. (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 151 COMPANHIA INDUSTRIAL FLUMINENSE (TANTALUM MINING) 151 CONGHUA TANTALUM & NIOBIUM SMELTERY (TANTALUM POWDER, INGOT & CHEMICALS) 152 CREVIER MINERALS INC. (TANTALUM MINING) 152 CRITICAL ELEMENTS CORPORATION (CA: CRE) (TANTALUM DEPOSITS) 152 DUOLUOSHAN SAPPHIRE RARE METAL CO. (TANTALUM POWDER) 153 EAGLE ALLOYS (TANTALUM MILL PRODUCTS) 153 ELITE MATERIAL SOLUTIONS (TANTALUM ALLOYS) 153 ENDURANCE GOLD CORPORATION (TSXV:EDG) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 154 ERAMET (TANTALUM DEPOSIT) 154 ESPI METALS (TANTALUM CARBIDE POWDERS; TANTALUM MILL PRODUCTS AND TANTALUM CHEMICALS) 155 ETHIOPIAN MINERAL DEVELOPMENT SHARE COMPANY (TANTALUM MINING) 155 EXOTECH (TANTALUM RECYCLER) 156 F&X ELECTRO-MATERIALS LTD (TANTALUM POWDER) 156 FIRADEC SA- EXXELIA (TANTALUM CAPACITOR MANUFACTURER) 156 FOGANG JIATA METALS CO., LTD. (TANTALUM FOR SUPER METALS) 157 GALAXY RESOURCES LIMITED (ASX: GXY) (TANTALUM MINER) 157 GAM GLOBAL ADVANCED METALS (TANTALUM MINING AND PROCESSING) 158 GLOBE METALS & MINING LIMITED (ASX;GBE) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 158 GAM SUPERMETALS {CABOT SUPERMETALS} (TANTALUM POWDER & WIRE) 158 GIPPSLAND LIMITED (ASE: GIP) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 159 GOSSAN RESOURCES LTD. (TSX:GSS) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 159 GREATBATCH, INC. (TANTALUM CAPACITOR MANUFACTURER) 159 GREENLIGHT RESOURCES INC.(TSXV:GR) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 160 GTP-GLOBAL TUNGSTEN & POWDERS CORP. (TANTALUM RECYCLING) 160 H. C. STARCK GMBH & CO. KG (TANTALUM POWDER & WIRE) 161 HERAEUS MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY GMBH & CO. KG (FABRICATED TANTALUM PARTS AND INGOTS) 161 HI-TEMP SPECIALTY METALS, INC. (TANTALUM MILL PRODUCTS, TANTALUM RECYCLING & TOLL CONVERTING) 161 HONEYWELL SPECIALTY CHEMICALS SEELZE GMBH (TANTALUM CHEMICALS) 162 HONEYWELL ELECTRONIC MATERIALS (TANTALUM SPUTTERING TARGETS AND COIL SETS) 162 HUDSON RESOURCES (TSX.V-HUD) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 163 INFRAMAT CORPORATION (TANTALUM CARBIDE POWDER, MILL PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS) 164 JIUJIANG JINXIN NON-FERROUS METALS CO., LTD. (TANTALUM FOR SUPER METALS) 164 JIUJIANG TANBRE SMELTER (TANTALUM ALLOYS & CHEMICALS) 165 JIUJIANG TANBRE CO LTD (TANTALUM METAL POWDER) 165 JOURDAN RESOURCES (JOR:CVE) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 166 JX METALS (SHANGHAI JIANGXI METALS CO. LTD.) (TANTALUM MILL PRODUCTS, TANTALUM CARBIDES) 166 KEMET CORPORATION (TANTALUM CAPACITOR MANUFACTURER) 167 KENNAMETAL INC. (TANTALUM CARBIDE CUTTING TOOLS) 167 KING-TAN TANTALUM INDUSTRY LTD. (FORMERLY GUI-FAMILY TANTALUM-NIOBIUM LTD.) (TANTALUM FOR SUPER METALS) 168 LITHEX RESOURCES (ASX: LTX) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 168 LTS (CHEMICALS), INC. (TANTALUM CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS) 168 MALAYSIA SMELTING CORPORATION (TANTALUM FROM TIN SLAG) 169 MATERION (FORMERLY WILLIAMS) (TANTALUM CHEMICALS AND TANTALUM SPUTTERING TARGETS) 169 MATSUO ELECTRIC COMPANY LIMITED (TANTALUM CAPACITOR MANUFACTURER) 170 MDN, INC. (MDN) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 171 MEKIOS (UK) LTD (TANTALUM MINING) 171 METALINK INTERNATIONAL CO., LTD. (TANTALUM RECYCLING) 171 METALYSIS LTD. (TANTALUM METAL POWDER) 172 MINERAÇÃO TABOCA S.A. (TANTALUM MINING FOR FENBTA ALLOY) 172 MITSUBISHI CARBIDE (TANTALUM IN CUTTING TOOLS) 173 MITSUI MINING & SMELTING COMPANY (TANTALUM METAL POWDER FOR CARBIDE AND OPTICAL) 173 MOLYCORP SILMET (TANTALUM METAL POWDERS, INGOTS, CHIPS AND CHEMICALS) 174 MONARQUES RESOURCES . (TSX-V: MQR) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 174 NAC KAZATOMPROM (CAPACITOR-GRADE TANTALUM POWDER, METAL POWDER AND WIRE) 174 NEC CORPORATION/TOKIN (TANTALUM CAPACITOR MANUFACTURER) 175 NINGXIA ORIENT GROUP, CNMC NINGXIA NONFERROUS METALS (CAPACITOR TANTALUM POWDER & WIRE) 175 NIKKO METALS (JX NIPPON MINING & METALS) (TANTALUM SPUTTERING TARGETS) 176 NIOTAN, INC. (CAPACITOR GRADE TANTALUM POWDER) (NOW OWNED BY KEMET) 176 NUINSCO RESOURCES (TSX:NWI) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 177 PACIFIC WILDCAT RESOURCES (TSX: PAW) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 177 PEAK RESOURCES (ASX:PEK) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 178 PLANSEE (TANTALUM WIRE) 178 PPM- PACIFIC PARTICULATE MATERIALS LTD. (TANTALUM CARBIDE POWDERS) 179 PRAXAIR, INC. (TANTALUM SPUTTERING TARGETS) 179 RAM RESOURCES (ASX:RMR) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 179 RAYTHEON COMPANY (TANTALUM MILL PRODUCTS) 180 READE ADVANCED MATERIALS (TANTALUM CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS; CARBIDES) 180 REDEMI (TANTALUM MINERS) 181 REXWELL MINING COMPANY LIMITED (TANTALUM MINING) 181 ROHM COMPANY LIMITED (TANTALUM CAPACITORS) 181 ROSEMOUNT (EMERSON) (TANTALUM MILL PRODUCTS, WEAR PARTS) 182 S.A. MINERALS LTD PARTNERSHIP (TANTALUM MINING FROM TIN) 182 AB SANDVIK – HARD METALS (TANTALUM CARBIDE CUTTING TOOLS) 182 SANYO ELECTRIC (PANASONIC) (TANTALUM CAPACITOR MANUFACTURER) 183 SAMSUNG ELECTRO MECHANICS COMPANY LTD. (TANTALUM CAPACITOR MANUFACTURER) 183 SGS-SOLID CARBIDE TOOL, INC. (TANTALUM CARBIDE TOOLS) 183 SHAMIKA RESOURCES INC. (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 184 SIGMA-ALDRICH (TANTALUM CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS) 184 SOLID RESOURCES LTD. (TSX-V: SRW) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 184 SOLIKAMSK MAGNESIUM WORKS (TANTALUM FOR SUPER ALLOYS) 185 STANDARD DIE & FABRICATING, INC. (TANTALUM MILL PRODUCTS) 185 TAIKE TECHNOLOGY (SUZHOU) CO LTD (FORMERLY KING METALLURGICAL) (TANTALUM POWDER AND INGOT) 186 TANTALINE (TANTALUM MILL PRODUCTS) 186 TANTALITE RESOURCES (TANTALUM MINING) 186 TERTIARY MINERALS (LON:TYM ) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 186 TEXAS RARE EARTH RESOURCES (TRER) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 187 THAILAND SMELTING & REFINING CO LTD. (AMC GROUP) (TANTALUM FROM TIN SLAG) 188 TITAN INTERNATIONAL, INC. (TANTALUM POWDER AND MILL PRODUCTS; TANTALUM CARBIDE) 188 TNR GOLD CORP. (TNR) (TANTALUM RESOURCE) 189 TOSOH SMD, INC. (TANTALUM PROCESSING FOR SPUTTERING TARGETS) 189 TREIBACHER INDUSTRIE AG (TANTALUM CARBIDE POWDER) 190 TVEL CORPORATION (TANTALUM PROCESSING) 191 ULBA METALLURGICAL PLANT (TANTALUM POWDERS, INGOT AND MILL PRODUCTS) 191 VISHAY INTERTECHNOLOGY, INC. (TANTALUM CAPACITOR MANUFACTURER) 192 WALTER AG (CARBIDE BASED CUTTING TOOLS) 192 YICHUN JIN YANG RARE METALS CO., LTD. (TANTALUM PROCESSING) 192 ZHUZHOU CEMENTED CARBIDE WORKS (TANTALUM CARBIDE) 193 ZIMMER-TRABECULAR METAL TECHNOLOGY (TANTALUM PROCESSING FOR MEDICAL IMPLANTS) 193